For those who take their Holy Books seriously.
God is to be the Ultimate. He is to be omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient.
His omnipotence is stated in [the Bible] Revelation 19:6 And I heard, as it were, the voice of a great multitude, as the sound of many waters and as the sound of mighty thunderings, saying, “Alleluia! For the Lord God Omnipotent reigns! In [the Koran] there is al-Haj 22:74 They have not appraised Allah with true appraisal. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might. With this, there is nothing that God cannot do; to state positively, God has the ability to do anything and everything.
His omnipresence as stated in [the Bible] Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the Lord are in every place, Keeping watch on the evil and the good. In [the Koran] The Cow, it is said Unto Allah belong the East and the West, and whirthersoever ye turn, there is Allah’s countenance. Lo! Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing. With this, there is no place that is without God; to state positively, God is everywhere, at all times.
His omniscience as stated in [the Bible] Psalm 147:5 Great is our Lord, and mighty in power; His understanding is infinite. In [the Koran] at-Tawbah 9:15 And remove the fury in the believers’ hearts. And Allah turns in forgiveness to whom He wills; and Allah is Knowing and Wise. With this, there is nothing that God does not know; to state positively, God knows all things.
Combine the three, and we have God/Allah who is everywhere, knows everything and can do anything desired. Both the Bible and Koran refer to the same [monotheistic] God, so God here will refer to that one.
Is God just? Let us look at ‘Original Sin’ with Adam, Eve, and The Serpent.
First, on God’s being ‘omnipotent‘: being all-powerful, there is no act that God could not do, so if one was acting wrongly, that individual could be targeted. When a sniper is called to a hostage situation, if violence is immanent against the hostage, the sniper is to eliminate the hostage taker. An all-powerful one who can speak things into existence, change things at will, would have an easier time than a shooter who has to take into account numerous variables that could affect a shot. However, if that sniper decided to not only shoot the hostage taker, but also target and kill the hostage used as a shield, and then all the bound hostages, we would say that sniper was guilty of murder; if he accidentally killed a hostage, it was a reflection of his not being fully in control. We do not say that with God, who for the acts of one (or all three for Original Sin), decided to condemn every individual from every generation of man afterward. Similarly, in Exodus God could have changed Pharaoh’s heart (soften it instead of harden), or just targeted Pharaoh, but instead God targeted people who had nothing to do with the oppression of His people; one more example includes the entire planet, save Noah and his family. When just the guilty could be targeted, God also targeted the innocent. Look at Job, and all those near Job and how they suffered and died for no sin of their own.
God is not just.
Next, as God is ‘omnipresent,’ God would have been present during the commission of the Original Sin; God was present when the sin happened as it happened. This ties into ‘omniscient.’ First point to consider, if God was present, and knew everything, He could have interceded and convinced each of their error to prevent Original sin; God did not stop it. God would have already known what would happen when He put all the individuals and components of Original Sin in place. Yet, God still put everyone (Adam, Eve and The Serpent) in a place with The Tree of Knowledge where the three could have easy access. God was present, knew, and allowed things to happen. As God knew things would happen, they were planned to happen – had to happen – otherwise it would be a thing that God did not know, and that could not be. An unknown thing violates omniscience.
From the beginning of Creation (Garden of Eden), God has a plan on how to end existence (Apocalypse). In [the Bible] Isaiah 13:9 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. Similarly, in [the Koran] The Reality 69:13-15 And when the trumpet shall sound one blast. And the earth with the mountains shall be lifted up and crushed with one crash, Then, on that day will the Event Befall.
As mentioned earlier, God hardened Pharaoh’s heart; earlier in the chapter, Pharaoh hardened his own, but later God hardened his heart. If it was already hard, why would it need to be hardened again? How could there be a chance at change if it is prevented – ensured that Pharaoh’s heart would remain hard? 2 Thessalonians 2:9 shows that people are not to change, as God will not allow it For this reason God sends them a powerful delusion so that they will believe the lie. People are deceived by proxy from God to believe lie that will lead to their being punished, just as the firstborn in Egypt who had nothing to do with Pharaoh’s heart. Through force and fraud, denying another their ability to make their own choices, and then punishing them for not making the choice one wanted, is not free will and is not just.
Let us return to God’s characteristics of omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient. As the verses state, these are characteristics God possesses, and examples are given of what God does and that there is a plan only God knows. A plan. A plan means that each individual has a path to follow in order to achieve the plan; if any individual did not follow the plan, then the plan would collapse: the Butterfly Effect and Chaos Theory. Each person would have to follow the plan in order for an omniscient God to not be wrong; each person would not have free will in order to ensure that they followed their portion of the plan correctly. God is everywhere with all power to ensure his all-knowing predictions come to fruition.
Every part, from Original Sin to the Apocalypse would be part of the plan, as well as every detail in between. One degree off is not 100%, so there could not be any variation, any free will to deviate from the plan. Every boon, but also every bit of suffering – the mass starvations, diseases, terror attacks, rapes, slavery – and all else would have been planned in advance, with victims preordained, as well as perpetrators.
One of the clearest examples is in following Christian dogma: Judas is one of the most important figures in the bible; without him there is no crucifixion, no ‘redemption’. Numerous verses in the Old Testament (Isaiah, Zechariah, Psalm, among others) predict Christ’s coming, including the crucifixion. Someone had to ‘betray’ Jesus. Luke and John blame the devil for turning Judas’ heart; however, God is the omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient one. God knew it would happen, was there when it happened, and allowed it to happen, just as He did with Adam, Eve, and The Serpent.
All of it had to be, with no one, not even The Serpent or Satan having a choice.
If you want to give credit to God for all things in life, including boons, then God equally deserves blame for all the suffering in life. He knew it would come, was there when it happened, and allowed it, just as He will be for anything to come. God does not just allow things to happen, but directs them – He made it happen.
If there was the tri-omni God, there would be no free will and no justice.